5. The Hague(Netherlands)
The Hague(Den Haag ) is the capital of South Holland. A city located in the western part of the Netherlands on the North Sea. There are residences of government, parliament and the royal family. There are also offices of major international organizations. The Hague is the Netherlands' third largest city after Amsterdam and Rotterdam, often referred to as the "judiciary capital of the world" because international courts are located here. The city is a wonderful and harmonious combination of historical buildings and modern architecture.
The Hague is located in the western part of the Dutch waters of the North Sea and is the largest city on the coast. The city is divided into 8 districts. The heart of The Hague is the Center which houses the most important sights. The climate is temperate marine with cool summers and mild winters.
The Hague was founded in 1230 as the hunting residence of the Dutch Count Floris IV. This Earl built here a small castle on the site of which Binnenhof is now located. By the 14th century The Hague had become a fairly large settlement but had never received urban rights. By the 17th century the settlement numbered tens of thousands of inhabitants and was the third largest in the Netherlands, but remained a village.
The Hague received city rights only in 1806. In the 19th century, the city grew and developed rapidly, remaining one of the largest and most important in the Netherlands.
The Hague has a joint airport with Rotterdam. From the airport to the Central Station can be reached by bus Line E. The city is a large railway junction. There are trains to the central station from Amsterdam, Schiphol Airport, Utrecht, Groningen as well as Cologne, Prague, Berlin, Frankfurt, Basel and Copenhagen .
The Hague is connected by freeways to Amsterdam (A4 and A44), Rotterdam (A13) and Utrecht (A12).
The Peace Palace is one of The Hague's most photographed buildings and the seat of the UN Tribunal. This grand neo-renaissance building was built in the early 20th century.
Binnenhof is the seat of the Dutch Parliament and the oldest place in The Hague. The palace complex is located on the site of the old hunting castle, which began the history of the city. After passing through the famous gates you can enter the courtyard which is home to many historic buildings. Binnenhof is located in the heart of The Hague. This place has been one of the main centers of Dutch politics since the 15th century.
In the courtyard immediately attracts the attention of the Hall of the Knights - the main building of the 13th century, a masterpiece of Dutch Gothic which is used for official royal receptions. In front of the Hall of the Knights is a neo-Gothic fountain of the 1600s with gilding decorated with the statue of William II.
Scheveningen is a well-known seaside resort and one of the Hague areas that is famous for its sandy beaches. One of its most beautiful places is a huge pier that literally crashes into the North Sea. A viewing platform and a 50-meter Ferris wheel are available.